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英語篇#5 Quit India Speech - Mahatma Gandhi

2024-03-10

英語篇#5 Quit India Speech - Mahatma Gandhi

2024-03-10
Summary of the Speech:
This started the Quit India movement, a mass attempt at civil disobedience which demanded an end to the British rule in India.
His tone was very determined and stern - “Let me explain my position clearly.”

Some Important Parts of the Speech:
Here is a mantra口號, a short one, that I give you. You may imprint銘刻/壓印 it on your hearts and let every breath of yours give expression to it. The mantra is: 'Do or Die'. We shall either free India or die in the attempt 嘗試; we shall not live to see the perpetuation永久化 of our slavery. Every true Congressman or woman will join the struggle with an inflexible不靈活的 determination not to remain alive to see the country in bondage束縛 and slavery. Let that be your pledge誓言/諾言/保證. Keep jails out of your consideration. If the Government keep me free, I will not put on the Government the strain壓力 of maintaining維持 a large number of prisoners at a time, when it is in trouble. Let every man and woman live every moment of his or her life hereafter in the consciousness意識 that he or she eats or lives for achieving freedom and will die, if need be, to attain實現/獲得/贏得 that goal. Take a pledge, with God and your own conscience良心/良知 as witness, that you will no longer rest till freedom is achieved and will be prepared to lay down your lives in the attempt to achieve it. He who loses his life will gain it; he who will seek to save it shall lose it. Freedom is not for the coward膽小鬼/懦夫 or the faint-hearted膽怯的/怯懦的.

- Inflexible不靈活的 determination
Flexible vs Inflexible
Example: My schedule is quite flexible我的日程很有彈性.

- Attempt 嘗試
The firemen attempted to save the people from the fire. 消防員嘗試拯救火場中的災民

- Maintain 維持/保養/堅稱
A large house costs a lot to maintain.大屋的保養花費很高
Throughout his prison sentence, Dunn has always maintained his innocence. Dunn在服刑的時候,仍堅稱自己是無辜的

- imprint 壓印/ 銘刻
The button had left an imprint on my arm.這顆鈕扣在我的手臂上留下了一個印痕

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